Steroids: Abuse & Side Effects for Performance Enhancing Drugs

Anabolic Steroids - Topic Overview

kinds of anabolic steroids

It is used in the treatment of refractory anemia and severe disease states. It is possible that certain designer steroid drugs may escape detection because they are built to be less detectable. Symptoms include having depression , being extremely tired, and having no desire to eat.

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Whether such products actually work has not been proved. They also may cause puberty to start and can help some boys who have a genetic disorder to grow more normally. Users must change sites of administration on a rotational basis to avoid straining the skin and keeping scar tissue at bay. In adolescents who have yet to complete growing, the use of steroids may stunt growth and stop bones, joints, and muscles from reaching full maturity. Mineralocorticoids Mineralocorticoids are corticosteroids that play an important role in balancing the sodium levels in the body. Androgens such as these also protect the muscles from catabolic glucocorticoid hormones, thus preventing the release of stored protein. This is why they are synthesized to protect the molecule against acidic secretions in the stomach and liver.

Psychological counseling is also appropriate. How Is Steroid Abuse Diagnosed? Often steroids remain in the body for prolonged periods of time and can be detected by urine drug tests.

It is possible that certain designer steroid drugs may escape detection because they are built to be less detectable. However, the World Anti-Doping Agency works with many laboratories to develop tests to improve detection of performance-enhancing drugs in the body. Sometimes the steroid itself is not found but drugs that are used as masking agents are. Bumetanide and furosemide are diuretics, or water pills, that may cause a false-negative test. For professional and elite athletes, the presence of these masking drugs in a urine sample is also considered a failed test http: What Is the Treatment for Steroid Addiction?

Those who use anabolic steroids don't become truly addicted to them as may occur with alcohol or other drugs of abuse. However, some studies suggest that there may be some potential for steroid cravings similar to those for caffeine. The use of anabolic steroids is addictive in terms of the associated lifestyle and the pursuit of the effects that they produce. This includes issues of self-perception and the reality of increased muscle mass and body size.

Treatment needs to address not only the physical usage but also the underlying emotional needs that led to the use in the first place. Medical therapy is directed at dealing with the underlying side effects of steroid use.

Many are reversible when the use of steroids is stopped, while other complications may be permanent and require long-term monitoring. Other Therapy for Steroid Abuse. Counseling may be needed to help with the underlying issues that led to the initial steroid use.

As well, if psychiatric side effects are present, counseling may be of help. Prevention is the first step in avoiding anabolic steroid use. Whether it is associated with sports performance or the desire to improve the perception of oneself, the key to steroid abuse is to prevent the first use.

Education at home and in the schools highlighting the potential risks while at the same explaining the consequences of cheating is the first step in reducing the steroid abuse problem. Use of anabolic steroids is against the law. Both possession of anabolic steroids and providing them to others has significant legal consequences. The hormone induces the "flight-or-fight" response when a person is put in dominance challenges.

There is also likely correlation between the levels of testosterone and heart attacks, obesity and perception of one's own health. Studies have also shown that testosterone levels do not in any way cause or have a negative impact on prostate cancer.

It is a well-known fact that hormones, especially testosterone, play an important role in sexual arousal. Studies have also revealed that this steroid hormone impacts an individual's romantic life. The testosterone levels tend to decrease in men who fall in love, while they tend to increase in women in love. It is also suggested that fatherhood brings down the levels of testosterone in a man.

While low testosterone levels decrease a person's libido, higher production of testosterone in men encourages them to have extramarital affairs. It is also suggested that for a man in a relationship, physical interaction is not necessary for maintaining high testosterone levels, while it is the opposite in women.

Women need physical intimacy and interaction with their partners for increase in testosterone levels. Testosterone also plays a significant role in decision making, when it comes to risky financial transactions. Lack of testosterone production in the body can impact the development of reproductive organs and sexual characteristics in males.

Testosterone is used for treating men with hypogonadism, a condition where too little or no natural production of testosterone takes place in the body. It is also prescribed for other conditions like infertility, erectile dysfunction, lack of libido, osteoporosis, enhancing penile enlargement, inducing height growth, reversing the effects of anemia and promoting bone marrow stimulation in men. In women, this steroid hormone is used for dealing with low libido post menopause.

Studies also reveal that proper dosage of this hormone can help in treating Type 2 diabetes, while low testosterone has been associated with Alzheimer's disease.

The natural production of this hormone decreases in men as they age, which is why testosterone is highly used in hormone replacement therapy for aging men.

Men with abnormally low levels of this hormone are also prescribed testosterone steroids or booster supplements. Testosterone is the most effective steroid hormone produced in the human body. Most of the testosterone steroids are available as prescription drugs, while the steroid supplements are offered as over-the-counter medicines.

The commonly available testosterone steroids are as follows. The most commonly used testosterone steroid by athletes and bodybuilders, testosterone enanthate is a derivative of the primary endogenous steroid hormone testosterone. The steroid is also the most commonly prescribed compound to treat low testosterone levels and adropuase in men.

It is highly anabolic, which means it promotes significant muscle development and also enhances strength, while helping in reducing fat in the body. Endogenous androgens are responsible for normal development and growth of male reproductive organs like the prostate, penis, scrotum and seminal vesicles. Androgens also play a significant role in development of secondary sexual characteristics like growth of pubic hair, bodily hair, facial hair, thickening of the vocal chord, fat distribution and overall changes in the body musculature.

Testosterone enanthate , commonly known as test-e among athletes and bodybuilders, helps in building body muscle, and reducing fat. This is because the parent hormone, testosterone, plays a major role in determining the size, shape and overall appearance of the muscle fibers.

Androgens such as these also protect the muscles from catabolic glucocorticoid hormones, thus preventing the release of stored protein. The steroid is also known to have the ability to increase the production of red blood cells in kidneys, thereby improving the endurance levels in the person.

Testosterone enanthate is widely available as an injection and is prescribed to treat delayed puberty, primary hypogonadism and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in males. It is sometimes used as secondary drug in treating metastatic mammary cancer in women.

A synthesized version of testosterone, testosterone cypionate is a highly anabolic steroid. The derivative of the primary androgen is mostly used by athletes and bodybuilders who wish to increase their strength and size, and promote muscle retention.

This testosterone steroid carries an anabolic and androgenic rating of , as it is entirely testosterone, and affects the body as the endogenously produced testosterone does.

Testosterone Cypionate also improves levels of IGF-1, another anabolic hormone to induce more anabolic activity in the body. Body metabolism is also boosted by this steroid, leading to fat loss and gain in muscle tissue. Testosterone cypionate is also prescribed to treat low testosterone levels in men, which can have a significant effect on their lives. Testosterone Cypionate is also available as injection. Also an injectable form of testosterone, this steroid is one of the oldest testosterone derivatives that are exogenously produced.

A water-based hormone supplement, the testosterone suspension significantly increases the amount of glycogen stored in the muscle cells and is almost immediately effective due to its water base. A major difference between this testosterone steroid and the others is that it sustains the elevated hormone levels only for 2 to 3 days, owing to its microcrystal design.

The fact that this steroid does not have any attached ester makes it one of the most powerful testosterone steroids out there. Besides these three, Testosterone-Propionate , the original form of the hormone is also used widely world over. Testosterone is also available in the form of tablets, powders, topical gels, skin patches and implantable pellets.

When considering testosterone steroids and supplements, it is extremely important to take proper dosage for the desired results. The choice of steroids you make should be based on your individual goals. Abrupt discontinuation of testosterone, especially when you have been taking it for a long duration through multiple cycles or if you have been taking it in larger doses, should be avoided.

When taken for longer periods, the body stops producing testosterone endogenously, and discontinuation of the exogenous hormone can result in withdrawal symptoms like fatigue, weariness, decrease in libido, etc. If you are considering injections, or even tablets, it is best to seek the advice and assistance of a medical practitioner to ensure proper dosage. Over use or abuse of these steroids must be avoided to prevent deteriorating side effects.

Dihydrotestosterone or DHT is a very potent androgen necessary for normal sex development. It is synthesized from testosterone present in the adrenal glands, prostate glands, hair follicles and testes by 5-alpha reductase. Being so closely related to male sex hormone testosterone, it performs similar actions, activating gene expressions needed for sex development.

Dihydrotestosterone promotes the formation of male primary sex characteristics and a majority of secondary male sex characteristics associated with puberty, such as body and facial hair, muscle growth and deepening of voice.

In fact, it is responsible for the sexual differentiation in the womb prior to birth — the levels of this androgen in the womb decide whether the fetus will develop into either sex. Dihydrotestosterone also has a bearing on sexual drive and function.

Hair loss related to dihydrotestosterone is a much-talked about subject. While DHT is a primary factor in promoting male pattern baldness, its role in female hair loss is less predominant. Dihydrotestosterone builds up in the body slowly over time and disappears. If it builds up at a fast rate, it does not have any specific function to perform or location to be stored in.

So, it binds to the hair follicles and keeps them from receiving important nutrients necessary for healthy hair growth. This in turn results to hair loss as loss of nutrients cause hair to become weak eventually and fall off. When dihydrotestosterone is present in higher-than-normal levels in women, it may cause androgynous male secondary sex characteristics such as facial hair and deep voice.

The role of DHT in the development and aggravation of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia has also been seen. However, administration of DHT to patients suffering from chronic heart disease is said to have beneficial effects, improving total exercise time and time of onset of angina.

As a non-aromatizing androgen, dihydrotestosterone is extremely potent. Aromatization refers to the conversion of testosterone or anabolic steroids into estrogen.

High estrogenic activity causes bloating, acne, water retention and oily skin. As dihydrotestosterone does not aromatize even at high dosages, users do not face the aforementioned side-effects. Lack of water retention also has a hardening effect on muscle tissue, in bodybuilders.

Being a powerful androgen, dihydrotestosterone is also responsible for a shift in the estrogen-testosterone ratio in the body. This in turn, spikes sex drive in males. Winstrol is a popular cutting steroid, but depending on the anabolic steroids it is stacked with, it can also serve as a bulking substance. It can be administered via injections or orally ingested. Primobolan is a mild steroid used in cutting cycles, meaning it helps users gain low muscle mass as opposed to retaining fat.

This can also have a positive effect on the quality of muscle gained. Anavar is a commonly used steroid that adds lean muscle mass and burns fat.

The oral steroid is usually used in the cutting cycles. Nandrolone is not a stranger to the sports and bodybuilding fraternities. It is an anabolic steroid that is present in the human body in minimum quantities. The commercial name of nandrolone is Deca-Durabolin.

As a steroid, it can be defined as the synthetic form of testosterone that is injected or consumed orally. It is basically a modification of testosterone in an anabolic-androgenic ratio of The high anabolic ratio points to its muscle-building ability while the low androgenic ratio keeps its virilization effects negligible.

In the 60s and 70s, nandrolone was a sought-after option among athletes, but easy detection saw its popularity wane. Nandrolone does not convert into estrogen, so there are no estrogenic effects associated with its use. This is also one reason why it is able to build quality muscles. As there is no fat storage or water retention, the muscles formed are stronger and leaner.

Also, cholesterol deposits, rapid heart rate and high blood pressure do not come into the picture. In fact, nandrolone is sought-after among body-builders for its ability to maintain both quantity and quality in the muscle-building process.

Nandrolone also offers medical uses. What are anabolic steroids? Why do some people use anabolic steroids without a prescription? Continued What problems can using illegal anabolic steroids cause? Anabolic steroids can cause serious side effects. Some of these effects can be permanent. In men, anabolic steroids can: Cause you not to be able to father children. In women, anabolic steroids can: In both men and women, anabolic steroids can cause: High blood pressure , heart attack , or stroke.

Liver disease and possibly liver cancer. The chance of these problems is higher when steroids are taken as a pill.

Oily skin, acne , and male-pattern hair loss. Skin infections that can become severe if the drug was tainted with bacteria. Irritability, rage, aggression, violence, uncontrolled high energy mania , false beliefs delusions , and addiction. How is anabolic steroid misuse identified?

Iamges: kinds of anabolic steroids

kinds of anabolic steroids

How is it treated? This can also have a positive effect on the quality of muscle gained.

kinds of anabolic steroids

Glucocorticoids Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones that play an important role in controlling the fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.

kinds of anabolic steroids

Testosterone Enanthate The most commonly used testosterone steroid by stfroids and bodybuilders, testosterone enanthate is a derivative of the primary endogenous steroid hormone kinda. Physicians advise children and teenagers against using anabolic steroids as it may lead to stunted growth. It is an anabolic steroid that is present in the human body in minimum quantities. Testosterone enanthatecommonly known as test-e among athletes and bodybuilders, helps fluid retention after steroid injection kinds of anabolic steroids body muscle, kinds of anabolic steroids reducing fat. As nandrolone does not break down into dihydrotestosterone but a weaker form, its effect on the prostate, skin and scalp are less.