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anabolic steroids in sports essays

The affect of bad teeth on performance quality of a professional soccer player. For example, I have devoted a whole section of my paper to the prevention and care of steroid use These teenagers are using steroids because they want to look muscular and fit, but they are not aware of the negative effects steroids have on their bodies. In the s, bodybuilding had major publicity thanks to the appearance of Arnold Schwarzenegger , Franco Columbu , Lou Ferrigno , and others in the docudrama Pumping Iron. I believe that my research project would be a good reference for anyone interested in the science and culture of steroids in America.

Sports Medicine Research Paper Topics

Jerk my mph but fill it leave absorbed. In this case, the development of anabolic supplements and the human body. Moving from a straight crude count to a rate measure is no improvement. The physical toll that football players pay is almost impossible to comprehend unless one has actually played the sport for a significant amount of time. But it in effect makes the ethical issue of harm largely go away. That a man can, by a diligent exercise regimen, sustain, or even improve, strength after his early 30s is no puzzle or inexplicable oddity--it is normal human behavior. Every type of steroid affects different parts of the body.

Introduction In the competitive world of sports, athletes are always trying to get an edge. When practice is not enough, many athletes try to change their diets to gain an advantage over the competition. To make more educated decisions about what they eat, many athletes look closely at what happens to food once it enters their bodies.

From studying the gastrointestinal and endocrine systems, athletes and researchers have learned to appreciate the role of insulin in athletic performance Sports Medicine Health Essays]:: The Psychology of Sports - The age of overwhelming strength and stamina governing sports is over, and the age of the mentally tough athlete has arrived.

Athletes are no longer the superficial jocks and robots programmed to accomplish one goal, victory. Modern athletes ranging from the high school to professional levels are faced with many pressures and temptations, normally outside the realm of their sport. However, this information is not always accurate or patrolled for misleading or incorrect assumptions. The Use of Complementary Alternative Medicine - In the year of , the number of new cancer cases was estimated to be approximately 1,,, causing the death of approximately , people in the United States.

Across America, both, alternative medicine and traditional medical care is used by men and women. A study included in the National Library of Medicine states that patients of a patient study used Complementary Alternative medicine following a cancer diagnosis Physical therapists examine patients, and prescribe medications as well as order diagnostic tests to perform and interpret.

They usually counsel their clients on preventive care, diets and also hygiene. Most physical therapists stretch, and massage their clients to help strengthen and enhance mobility Steroids and Sports - Steroids and Sports Steroids, ever since their introduction into the sports world five decades ago, they have been a controversial issue WebMD medical news. Anabolic performance dates as far back as the original Olympic Games. Today walking into any gym you will find some one who is using steroids or some kind of enhancement supplement.

Anabolic steroids are so popular with athletes from high School level all the way up to the top. For the past fifty years, athletes around the world use steroids to gain muscle mass, and along with regular work-outs try to achieve the results they desire Sports Argumentative Drugs Essays]:: Technology And Tradition in Sports - Professional sports are a vital component to our society as we know it.

Week in and week out, fans fill the stands to cheer on their favorite teams, just the same as they did 50 years ago. On the contrary, these professional sports have evolved with the introduction of new technologies that are erupting controversies, especially in the last decade. Sports History Technology Improvements Research]. The History and Practice of the Holistic Ancient Chinese Medicine - Ancient China was very well known for its universal inventions, with many uses in the modern world.

Those inventions have vastly impacted the lives of thousands of people. One example of such a discovery is acupuncture. It has greatly improved the health of many individuals ever since its creation. Acupuncture is a form of holistic Ancient Chinese medicine. It is the technique of inserting and maneuvering fine filiform needles into specific areas of the body as pain relievers or for remedial purposes Emergency Medicine and Emergency Physicians - Everyone dreads getting injured.

When someone injures himself or is not feeling well, he goes to the emergency room ER. While in tremendous pain, he is caught up in the chaos of the ER where he must wait, sometimes for hours, for an emergency physician. Eventually, patients all leave the hospital, feeling much better than when they came. Emergency Physicians provide primary care to a host of patients entering hospital ERs with illnesses and injuries covering a broad spectrum, from acute infections to life-threatening conditions Concussions in Sports The link of concussion to these negative effects put sports-related concussions in the national spotlight.

Thousands of former players, a Congressional committee, and even President Obama are active in speaking out against the NFL, saying the league is not doing enough. My parents had never been to school but were a source of inspiration to me and inculcated a sense of hard work and discipline. I studied in one of the most prestigious schools in the country and spent most of my life in boarding school. On the basis of my academic performance, the government of India sent me to USSR for medical studies.

The respect in society; sacrifice of a doctor and making a contribution to the world has inspired me to become a doctor Medicine College Admissions Essays].

It not only deteriorates the honesty of the game, but also can have broader social affects that one may not even realize. The use of performance enhancing drugs is especially apparent in Major League Baseball. Home run totals were down as far as they had been since Babe Ruth, and fans were seemingly becoming bored with the sport Performance Enhancing Drugs, Steroids]:: The Effects of Hearing Loss During Sports Performance - The effects of hearing loss during sports performances Sports performances have always played a big role in society, starting back in BC when the first Olympics were held in Greece Ancient Olympic Games, There are many athletic programs that one can participate in depending on interest and the concentration a person is looking for.

The more extreme a sport is, the higher the risk of injuries there is for the player. Sports injuries can vary depending on the muscles being used during the performance The Dark Side of Sports - For many years professional athletes, as well as those striving to become professional athletes have turned to supplements.

According to an Article in the Journal of Romanian Sports Medicine Society, the use of natural herbs has been traced back to the Ancient Olympic games of Greece, where competitors consumed infused herbs and mushrooms in an effort to enhance their performance Mazzeo, Filomena; Ascione, Antonio The promise of enhanced performance, greater power, and super natural strength has driven many to the dark side of the ergogenic world Career for Treating Sports Injuries - Sports are fun activities you can do so you are not bored and you can exercise your body.

Some sports are more active and aggressive than others. Sports are not all just fun and games because; you are able to injure yourself in many ways.

People can injure many parts of their body because our bodies are not invincible. People have injured many different body parts in different ways ranging from small cuts and bruises to bones slicing through skin, the need for amputation, concussions leading to serious brain damage and many more injuries Today, many athletes worldwide have been found guilty of breaching the Anti Doping Act.

Over the years, there has been an increase in the number of drug offenders in sports, as the need to win becomes priority and dope is relayed from athlete to athlete, directly and indirectly The Effectiveness of Sports Drinks Compared to Water - Staying hydrated is one of the most important parts of physical activity.

Dehydration degrades morale and desire to work. Sports Physical Therapy - What is a sports physical therapist. A sports physical therapist is a physical therapist who specializes in the field of sports medicine. This type of therapist is qualified to work with patients who have suffered debilitating injuries from sporting events Thyberg.

Sports physical therapists work with a number of patients with problems ranging from muscle pains to sports injuries. More than Sports - Athletic Training: To become an athletic trainer, one must have a good educational background, an interest in physical deficiency, and willingness to work with many types of people.

This study examines how one becomes an athletic trainer. An athletic trainer needs to know the muscles in the body and how the muscles work, so, if an athlete does get hurt, an athletic trainer knows what to do and can make sure the muscle is in the right place and is working correctly Supplements in Sports - When you are involved in athletics, you have to be competitive.

You have to want to win more than anybody else. Athletes these days, however, are really taking winning to the extreme. Athletes today are using various supplements to increase their size, muscle mass, and their potential to perform well. Athletes have been taking all kinds of supplements to gain an edge on their opponents. Little do they know, these supplements are not FDA approved. No one knows the long-term effects of these supplements on the human body Department of Athletics - The department of athletics is a high demand, fast paced sport arena with hectic schedules and environments.

Having an athletic department that clearly understands how to communicate between administrators, coaches, and support staff is critical to success on the field and off. The department of sports medicine continues to have an issue with scheduling procedures Holistic Medicine - Holistic Medicine Millions of people around the world are living with pain that could be prevented with the use of alternative therapies. As a result many of these people use harmful or ineffective drugs and surgeries in an attempt to cure their ailments.

With a steady schedule of massage therapy, acupuncture, and healthy foods, people can lead a healthy and invigorating life without drugs or surgery. During the time of the ancient Roman gladiators, massage therapy was used to treat everything from headaches to sports injures on them The son of a professional football player and a WNBA basketball star, Derek's future is set for athletic success.

At the young age of three, he runs with his father and plays basketball with his mother. He eats only natural food; white sugar, white flour, and other processed food are cut from his diet. At the young age of six, he plays three organized sports: Most of his formative years help develop his strength, speed, and muscles The player is coming in hard for the shot as the other team quickly gains on them. Four seconds to go. The other team has caught up. The player is shoved down on to their knees as their golden opportunity for the winning shot slips away.

The crowd springs to their feet as the buzzer wails, yet the player does not move. The player cannot move.

Physical contact in minor sports is dangerous and unnecessary Use of Steroids in Sports - When athletes compete for excellence in sports, the use of steroids or other supplements often times may be a cause for disqualification in a sports event. Many athletes today subscribe to the idea that steroids should be allowed in sports competition. They admit that steroid and supplement use enhances natural athletic ability and endurance and, thus, promotes athletes to perform better in competition.

Anabolic Steroids Use Athletics]:: However after being in quarantine due to a swine flu outbreak whilst on a Chinese language camp this summer my feelings developed.

I had an insight into public health and disease control on a global scale and it was the intensity and sense of urgency that appealed to me.

A doctor has no routine and is exposed to scientific and social challenges Athletes and Sports - As a parent, all you ever want your kids to do is grow up and be something great. Parents expect their kids to have dreams of becoming a lawyer or majoring in topics like business and medicine. Not all kids have the same mind-set. People of all ages, all around the world, enjoy either watching or playing sports.

The kids--usually football players, but with an admixture of weight lifters and wrestlers--aren't doing PEDs because some "role model" athlete supposedly does: This category might even take in more than the one above. It includes two distinctly different but widely recognized problems: The technical term is "muscle dysmorphia". It affects boys as almost exactly the obverse of anorexia among girls: The muscle-dysmorphic adolescent sees a weak, puny, unmasculine body no matter his actual musculature.

It's not funny, it's serious--potentially deadly serious. It is a literally pathological condition. And it is probably more common than is generally recognized. And though the next quotation comes from studies of adults, the condition in adolescents, who are, heaven knows, already preternaturally sensitive about their growing, maturing bodies can only be worse. Another well-known psychological problem set is represented by what is often known as Jessor's problem-behavior syndrome for adolescents ; stripped of jargon, it is just the well-known "problem child".

The kids are those with serious personality damage--the term "emotional cripples" might not be too far off--who seem hell-bent on a self-destructive path. They engage in a whole shuddersome spectrum of high-risk activities. Such clustered-risk behavior has various roots, which adults have been trying to sort out for probably 50, years or more; but that they exist and, even in the more extreme forms, are all too common, is scarcely arcane knowledge.

Steroids, as they became available, were simply added into the cluster. And, of course--bottom line--none of this has anything whatsoever to do with "modelling behavior after prominent athletes". Not that many kids have an athlete as a "role model", and those that do seem actually cleaner than the others. The small percentage of users are motivated by utterly other considerations: The idea that how we deal with professional ballplayers or other adult athletes could have anything to do with influencing kids to use or not use PEDs is puerile.

A more extensive analysis of the "role-model" claim is available on a page of its own. For this, there can be no "research" or citations or any of the things supporting the other claims dealt with above.

We do not at all know how many men, in the majors or the minors, may have taken or may even now be taking PEDs, much less how many of them did so reluctantly only because they felt that otherwise they could not compete fairly.

Much of what needs to be thought about under this rubric really falls under the scope of the next major section of this page, the Ethical Issues of PED use. Nonetheless, we can indulge here in a bit of consideration. For a player to be coerced by the actions of others , he necessarily must feel that a large fraction--at least something close to a majority--of the men with whom he is in competition for a job are themselves assuredly using the sorts of substances he is contemplating.

If there are only a few men at most as a percentage with whom he is in direct competition, here meaning others in the organization, then there is scarcely any need for him to try artificial augmentation just to remain in fair competition. Such a man might turn to PEDs anyway, on the ground that using them would give him a special leg up, but that is not the "coercion" we are talking about--that sort of coercion requires that the man feel that he cannot compete equally unless he tries PEDs.

There is not, and, I suppose, cannot be and never will be any data on what ballplayers think others are doing: That said, I personally have doubts, I might go so far as to say grave doubts, that there are very many players who each feel that most of the other men whose success might affect them adversely are using PEDs.

But each to his own taste. In considering the rights and wrongs of PED use, we at once encounter another threshold question, one that also has received very little treatment.

Exactly why is using PEDs "wrong"--which is really to ask is it wrong? As with all else to do with PEDs, sane, qualified voices are hard to pick out from the screaming cacophony of viewpoints which almost all boil down to "in my opinion", with no qualifier about why that opinion should be taken with any more weight than that of a poodle trimmer. Professional medical ethicists--yes, such folk do exist--have spent years both in the trenches of medical care and in the contemplation of the scope and meaning of ethics.

They are trained thinkers on the topic. That doesn't make them oracles, invariably delivering truth and wisdom, but it does put them light years ahead of the lads down at the Dew Drop Inn as plausible sources of food for thought. The clear consensus of medical ethicists is that the ethics-based questions about PED use distill down to at most four issues, and even those have considerable overlap. They can be phrased in any of several ways, some more general than others.

One set looks like this:. Fost was awarded an A. Master of Public Health by Harvard; he is not only a practicing pediatrician and Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Wisconsin but also a widely recognized expert in medical ethics, being Director of the Program in Medical Ethics at the University of Wisconsin which he founded and Chairman of the Hospital Ethics Committee; he heads the Child Protection Team, and is a former Chairman of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Bioethics.

Last year he received the William G. Yesalis was awarded a B. He has testified six times before the U. Yesalis is the author and editor of four books on drugs in sport: The particular remarks from Dr. Unpacking the Claims" , in which Dr. Fost's base position is that:. The remarks from Dr. Yesalis--who is the verbatim source for the second of the problem-definition lists above--are taken from a book he edited and contributed to, Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise , where they are glosses on the list as presented above.

I think it eminently fair to say that the assertions by these men are not only authoritative but--and you can do your own homework--representative of prevailing medical opinion, not cherry-picked to bolster a point of view. Some other eminent bioethicists are quoted in the longer page of this site wholly dedicated to the ethical issues.

Mind, the falseness of the "harm" assumption is really a practical matter, not an ethical one per se. But it in effect makes the ethical issue of harm largely go away. PEDs are by no means guaranteed harmless; indeed, there may be long-term harms of which we do not yet know. But they are not simply poisons, or anything close to it. They are powerful medications that, under proper medical supervision, are probably about as safe as any other medication.

See the page here on medical effects of PEDs. Every player who participates in any physical sport undergoes risk of bodily injury, and often very great risk consider boxing or football. If people want to play those sports, they take on those risks; if they don't want to take on those risks, they don't play those sports. To make a po-face claim that in our never-ending battle for Truth, Justice, and the American Way we must do everything possible to remove as much risk of harm as possible from the game is to make milk spout from the nostrils.

Checked outfield padding lately? The rules on batting helmets? That's the long and the short of this ethical issue: Play the sport, take the risk; avoid the risk, avoid the sport. To especially select performance-enhancing drugs as an element of the game that will not be allowed when they bring some benefit which we know that for baseball they don't , but we'll assume it for the argument, because in many sports they do , unless they are more or less poisonous that is to say, a highly probable risk of major harm , is arbitrary and silly.

One might as well argue that tackling be eliminated from football, because exactly the same arguments apply pro and con. But it remains as: There are only so many ways to state this simple, clear, overarching truth. The argument focus is "natural" versus "unnatural" properties. The thrust of the position is that PEDs should be banned because they are "unnatural" aids to performance, the implication being that sports are otherwise pristine Greek exhibitions of pure natural bodily endowments.

This one is another nasal milk fountain. Do we ban eyeglasses, contact lenses, or Lasik surgery for ballplayers? Do we ban ice packs for pitchers arms? Do we ban cleats? Or, closer to target, do we ban carb loading or high-calorie diets or the Atkins plan? Can a man with a sore throat take a cough drop? Can a man with a headache take a Tylenol?

Do we regulate the amount of exercise they can do? Only 10 squats a day? Maybe no exercise at all other than actual play? Well, obviously one could string this sort of foolishness out forever, but the very reason it is foolishness is that it reflects the inherent foolishness of the "unnaturalness" theory of prohibition. Not to mention compound bows for archery--but what's the point of going on? You get it or you don't.

Those awake and paying attention will of course notice that the comment used here from Dr. Yesalis is the same one quoted about "unnaturalness". That is for the very good reason that the "unfairness" argument is just the "unnaturalness" argument in a different clown suit. If there is an unfairness about PED use, it is that owing to their tabu status, they are not equally available to any who might want them. Those who are willing to risk detection or opprobrium can obtain whatever advantage they may or may not confer in a given sport, while those equally interested but cowed by the regulatory and acceptability climate are denied whatever those gains might or might not be.

Athletes cannot make choices on the merits as they perceive them. First, let me say that the main page here on the ethical issues is very much more extensive than these brief passages, and is laid out with a somewhat different flow of ideas; I recommend, of course, that you read all the detail pages supporting the summaries presented on this one, but perhaps most especially so in this case.

PEDs are not "health risks" to any greater extent than the average prescription medication of any sort; that is especially true if users have reasonable medical advice and oversight in their use, but it seems true even when they are used "cowboy style". There can be no honest ethical issue of "harm". Risks--often of a serious nature--are inherent in all physical sports.

If, in a particular sport, PEDs are a significant aid to better performance, then they, and whatever risks they may or may not represent, become an inherent part of that sport, just as are its other risks. Individuals can pursue a sport if they are willing to accept all its risks; if they are not, they are free to avoid that sport, as many avoid, say, boxing or football.

No one is "coerced" into playing any given sport, nor does anyone have an inherent right to demand that the nature of a sport be significantly modified--say as by converting regulation football to a game of touch football--just so he or she can play it at a risk level acceptable to him or her.

There is nothing "unnatural" about PEDs because there is, in reality, nothing that is pure or "natural" about any sport, sports being wholly of human devising. Even in the purest imaginable competition--say, just throwing a weight--training, learning, and coaching will materially advantage one competitor over another.

Why are those "natural" and PEDs "unnatural"? If the argument is that they are "unnatural" because they cause changes in the athlete's body, then the whole edifice collapses under the weight of its absurdity, because training, diet, and such universally accepted aids as Lasik surgery, aspirin for headaches, ice packs for limbs, "Tommy John surgery"--and a like laundry list that anyone can readily extend--also cause athletically significant changes in athletes' bodies. There is simply no plausible case, ethical or practical, to be made for prohibiting PED use, not in law, not in sports-organization codes.

The strong tendency to regulate or ban arises largely from old instincts, not reason, which makes discussion on the issues difficult, for it has been famously said that reason will never get someone out of a position that reason never got him into in the first place. It is supposed to be a basic tenet of any society daring to call itself "free" that it is not to regulate conduct that is not risky to those not willingly accepting the risk, whether that is oneself or others; many would say that it ought not even to regulate conduct that is risky unless that risk is material.

The more one considers the so-called "Mitchell Report" , the clearer it becomes that the title is a severe misrepresentation: I do not use that term lightly; the "Report" exactly fits the definition found on Wikipedia:.

The focus of attention for the Mitchell document has been the portions of it that are in a legitimate sense a "report"--the investigations into who did what mind, that this is reporting does not in itself make it valid reportage, but it at least qualifies as reporting.

Note that even the title emphasizes the axiomatic quality: The mere 14 pages out of in the document body alone, not counting appendices and Summary of Section II contain the entire logical underpinnings of the document and the wider concerns it embodies. If the assertions made there are to any degree in error or doubt, then the entire document--and general opinion--is in error or doubt to exactly that same degree.

It thus seems obvious that we need to examine those assertions with the most painstaking care possible, else the entire superstructure reared on them is meaningless. Regrettably, that obviousness seems to have escaped almost all members of both the sports press and the general public. But it did not, it seems, escape Mr. Mitchell or the staff preparing the document, inasmuch as throughout those few pages, one can see what can only be the result of much time and careful thought expended on the precise words and phrases to be used so as to present assumptions, innuendo, hyperbole, and plain error so that they seem to be sheer, undeniable fact.

That precisianist care taken with that lawyerly coloring of the presentations may not convict Mr. Mitchell and his staff on a charge of deliberately disguising the truth, but it assuredly indicts them on it.

As to examining the content of those pages, both as to the assertions in them and the validity of those assertions, well, such an examination is in fact what this whole site is.

Mitchell rather closely followed his obvious sources, and both at the head of this page and in the sections on ethics we have presented and dealt with the four chief assertions upon which Mr. Mitchell erected his entire superstructure of condemnation--which he achieved, as just noted, by exceedingly careful choices of wording and implication. Needless to say, the prefatory "Executive Summary" how does such a thing differ from a plain summary? As one example, veritably but a sand grain from the beach of error, consider:.

One has to admire it. It manages, without ever saying so, to imply clearly that steroids and hGH are essentially identical in their effects and risks, despite hGH being--as even that very document later concedes--utterly ineffective as an aid to performance and, as it does not make clear, even less of a risk overall than steroids. It also glosses over the point that the reason hGH is so hard to detect is that the body's own natural supply of it varies by huge ratios up to Mitchell's actual investigations into alleged use, I have little to say because those are evidentiary matters on which I have no more knowledge or specialized expertise than any lay reader would that such considerations would quiet other mouths and pens.

Someone who does have some expertise, however, John Dowd, the chief investigator into the Pete Rose affair, did have something to say, which you can read in the AP article "Dowd faults Mitchell for refusing to release evidence". You can find a complete list of all men who have "admitted, tested positive, or have been tied to substantial accusational media reports " at Baseball's Steroid Era , along with some detail on each of the 88 names from the Mitchell Report ; there, 30 are listed as "Implicated", though a few of those have now made some conciliatory admission of brief experimentation.

Note that the list does not distinguish those accused of or admitting to long-term heavy use from those who may have tried something once or twice. There are further links to numerous articles and posts of varying interest and utility.

The reader is reminded yet again that the place to see the real analyses for all points is on the several subpages off this one that go into these matters in detail:. And see also the page further resources for other relevant articles and books.

PEDs can affect, if anything, musculature, which in baseball translates to power. They do not, and cannot, do anything to improve hand-eye coordination, vision, ball judgement, timing, or any of the factors that go into hitting except actual power, the bat speed that determines the ball velocity and thus its travel distance.

Examinations of the actual records of major-league baseball for over a century, with an especial focus on the last 25 or so years, those now being attributed to a "steroids era", show clearly and conclusively--by a number of independent analyses by a number of independent analysts each using a different methodology--that there simply is not any power boost needing explaining: PEDs are an "answer" lacking a pertinent question.

This fact has been disguised by the analytically faulty method of counting power events instead of determining their rate of occurrence in hitting, and further confounded by changes in the baseball, notably the juicing whose effects were felt in and possibly back in , when the change occurred. PED use, to whatever extent it may have existed, simply did not affect any of the performance records of major-league baseball.

The various "risks" ignorantly or deliberately assigned to PED use are by and large specious. Any medication whatever, including commonly used over-the-counter products, always carries some small risk, even under the most careful use, that a very small percentage of users will have atypical negative reactions; the negative reactions among PED users, as recorded by numerous diligent scientific studies, are almost all in that low-probability range.

Moreover, most of the effects, if they do occur, share the qualities of not being serious medical threats and of disappearing when use of the substance is stopped. The few exceptions are these. First, blood lipid ratios "good" to "bad" cholesterol do seem to get significantly worse.

But the relevant studies have noted that the effects one might expect on the cardiorespiratory system have not shown up. Why not is conjectural, but it may be a side effect of the PED itself, or a consequence of the generally high level of cardiovascular fitness found in professional athletes. Second, gynecomastia--a swelling of the breasts--may not disappear with substance cessation; if not, it can often be reduded or, usually, eliminated with other medications; but if that, too, fails, as it can, surgery is required, and--because the swollen tissue is typically firm muscle--such surgery is not necessarily trivial.

Of course, the onset of gynecomastia, which by no means all users experience, is necessarily immediately obvious to the subject. In sum, there are medical risks, but of nothing remotely like the variety or severity commonly suggested. In reality, they are unlikely, usually minor, and almost universally reversible. Adolescent use of PEDs is low, circa 1.

Numerous scientific studies, looking at data from thousands or tens of thousands of adolescents, show three chief reasons for PED use, none of which are in any way related to imitating professional athletes.

Those reasons are, first, for boys to develop muscles, which they think makes them more attractive to girls; second, to excel at some organized school sport, mainly football but also weight-lifting and wrestling; and third because of some psychological problems preceding and in fact causing the PED use, notably "muscle dysmorphia", which is essentially "reverse anorexia", or else "Jessor's problem-behavior syndrome", a technical name for a "bad-boy" spectrum of high-risk, often anti-social behaviors that includes substance abuse, typically with multiple substances.

In the psychological cases, the use is not a cause of the problems but an effect, a symptom. The medico-ethical issues of PED use are well defined, and generally agreed on going back many decades. Supposedly "ethics-based" objections to PED use are seen by experts to be the results of fuzzy thinking, a systematic failure to use logic to get beyond reflex prejudices.

The idea that PEDs are objectionable because of possible risks--even despite the hard fact that those risks are rather low--is a failure to consider what sports are: If the means involve risk--for example, a ball carrier in football must be tackled to stop his progress, creating risk for both the carrier and the tackler--then that risk is simply a part of the sport.

Athletes, probably from as early as ever there was athletic competition of even the crudest sort in pre-history, have sought all means that will enable them to perform better.

Many of those means have involved risk, as simple physical training itself necessarily does. But the athlete who refuses to do, for example, weight training may reduce his risk of injury, but he also greatly reduces his ability to compete in his sport, and probably would be unable to continue participating in it at all. The long and short of it is playing the game means taking the risks; avoiding the risks means avoiding the game.

That leads to the ancillary question of "coercion". As the ethicists all point out, no one has a "right" to play a professional sport. Would-be players are all "coerced" by each and every one of the intrinsic requirements, meaning those needful to perform as best one can. Pro athletes, including ball players, are often urged to "play through pain", and most are proud that they do so.

Or, if the top performers have rigorous, even brutal, workout regimens--as so many do--does that "coerce" all other players to identically brutal workouts? Each player does what he thinks is necessary to achieve and maintain the level of performance that he finds proper. There is no logical or ethical distinction between--just for example--killer workouts and PEDs. Each is what that athlete finds appropriate or necessary. That, in turn, leads to the further issue of a playing field that is not level.

At present, that is to some extent the case with PED usage. But, as the experts point out, that is exactly because PEDs are banned. The ban creates rather than removes the inequality. When performance-improvement methods are equally available to all, each can use them as he sees fit. When they are banned, only those willing to risk punishment or opprobrium have access to them. As a side issue, the banning of PEDs or anything medical throws a brick wall up between physician and patient.

Users will not disclose their use to their physician, and are thus denied advice and assistance if they choose to use the banned substance. Meanwhile, the medical community is denied opportunities to see, record, and analyze effects that they cannot create under laboratory conditions precisely because of the ban, so accurate information on existing and possible yet-undiscovered risks or advantages--PEDs are effective treatments for many conditions, with more being applications being discovered all the time becomes impossible to obtain.

Then there is the "unnatural" claim. That one is perhaps the silliest of the supposedly ethics-based arguments against PEDs. Today, we have "slime suits" in swimming, compound bows in archery, lifting suits in weights, fiberglass poles in pole vaulting, and on and on. Moreover, it is not just equipment: We even have permanent major improvements to nature's original, such as Lasik vision-improvement surgery.

None of that, not one bit of it, is condemned or even controversial. And what part of it is "natural"? Distinctions in athletic ability are never, ever purely "natural". Certainly a 7-foot-tall man has a greater likelihood of being a successful basketball player than the average fellow, but he still has to learn the game, have certain reflexes and other skills, and work out heavily.

The skills he acquires from coaching, both mental and physical, are nothing he was ever born with--they are "unnatural". Do we raise people from infancy on desert islands with no medical care so that we can throw them as adults into an arena and see "natural" athletics? Where does the silliness end? There are two distinct "whats" to wonder about.

The only thing that seems to me to make sense--however difficult or seemingly impossible in the current witch-hunt mob atmosphere--is to remove PEDs from the Schedule of Controlled Substances, and make them prescription medications available for any use a doctor sees fit to prescribe them for. Along with that move must be an aggressive education program for both athletes and physicians themselves, many of whom know literally less than zero about PEDs by which I mean that what little they think they know is mostly wrong.

Athletes should be made aware of what the real risks are; right now, as the literature abundantly records, the contempt in which PED users hold the medical establishment is frightening in its intensity, a situation that arose, not surprisingly, from all the obvious lies and gross "Reefer Madness" exaggerated claims that the self-appointed do-gooders spewed over the past several years. It is essential that we restore the mutual trust and communication between physician and patient that is so sorely lacking right now.

Only in that way can athletes have the benefit of sound, trustworthy information on the actual risks and possible benefits--and, more important, frequent lack of benefits--associated with PEDs. And only in that way can the medical profession--which at present cannot ethically conduct research into the effects of heavy-dosage PED use--get better data on high-dose usage of PEDs, data that as things are it has to try to deduce from dubiously reliable self-reporting by a scattering of users. The chief problem--as it always is--is that the crucial decisions are not being made by people with knowledge on the subject sitting down and considering the facts and the implications of those facts: We've all seen clown guns like the item shown at the right.

Now suppose someone picked up one of those, not knowing what sort of gun it really was, and with all malicious intent "fired it" at someone else. What crime has he committed? They usually increase muscle mass and strength. Players like them showed us what it was like to play baseball the right way Major League Baseball, steroids, ].

No Steroids In Baseball - In baseball there has always been a steroid issue. In the years since the problem has expanded.

Many more players are now using these drugs to boost their performance. I think that steroids are products that should be absolutely illegal and no player at any time should be able to use them.

Steroids are drugs commonly classified as anabolic, androgenic and corticosteroids. Corticosteroids like cortisone are drugs used to control inflammation, and do not build muscle.

Anabolic steroids are used by athletes to bulk up and improve their performance Certain players believe there is nothing wrong with using steroids. Athletes who excel greatly would normally be chosen to be in the Hall of Fame, but if using steroids, they should not be allowed.

Steroids have many effects on people. Baseball players are big influences on children and teenagers which could cause even more steroid use because of major league baseball players. Even though many people agree with famous baseball athletes using steroids being in the Baseball Hall of Fame, other people disagree for many reasons because steroids are an illegal drug and the use of this drug should not be The Negative Effects of Anabolic Steroids - The intent of this essay is to show that steroids have many negative effects and that steroids, and other natural supplements, should be closely studied by the FDA.

This essay will also support the claim that the professional sports industry needs to eliminate steroid use and set a good example for younger athletes. Over one million American seek short cuts to larger muscles and greater endurance with anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs. Steroids are drugs that act like chemical in the body.

Most steroids are transformed into testosterone when they enter the body. Testosterone is a male growth hormone. While user may gain short-term results, they are seriously s Anabolic Steroids Use by Athletes]. The Safety of Using Anabolic Steroids - The Safety of Using Anabolic Steroids Even if you didn't have any or little knowledge of steroids and were asked this question, you would probably answer no. Would it be because a high school kid somewhere in California died from taking them.

Or would it be because you read it in Readers Digest. Many people think you are selling your soul to the devil when you take steroids. There is an incredible amount of myths, misinformation, and misconceptions about anabolic steroid use and their dangers Consequences of Steroids in Sports - Consequences of Steroids in Sports Every year high school, college, and professional athletes try to get just? To achieve these goals athletes often turn to anabolic steroids to aid them in achieving their goals.

Anabolic steroids are a quick, but dangerous way to increase muscle mass, and they can carry many risks including some life threatening side affects. Years after taking steroids athletes can live to have serious heart problems, sterility, or possibly not even live, all because of foolish decisions they made in the past Sports Atheletes Steroids Essays]:: Use of Steroids in Sports - When athletes compete for excellence in sports, the use of steroids or other supplements often times may be a cause for disqualification in a sports event.

Many athletes today subscribe to the idea that steroids should be allowed in sports competition. They admit that steroid and supplement use enhances natural athletic ability and endurance and, thus, promotes athletes to perform better in competition.

Anabolic Steroids Use Athletics]:: Anabolic Steroids and Sports - Ever since their introduction into sports in the later 's the use of anabolic steroids has been a controversial issue. Much debate has arisen dealing with whether steroids should be allowed for performance enhancement.

Business Weekly told of a study performed by the University of Illinois School of Public Health in which the results wer The person that he or she needs the drug to feel normal. Louis Cardinals baseball player, broke the home run record of Roger Maris, a New York Yankee outfielder best known for hitting sixty-one home runs in , the media has been frantic. This frenzy is not only about McGwire's accomplishment of hitting a Herculean seventy home runs but is about another subject, performance-enhancing drugs.

Mark McGwire is not only using creatine, but he is also taking androstenedione. Creatine is an amino acid that fuels muscle contraction and is produced in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas Schrof Androstenedione is produced in the body by the gonads and adrenal glands in small amounts.

It is a sex steroid hormone that th Anabolic Steroids Use by Athletes]:: Some , the steroid problem has amplified.

Many of these major league baseball players are now in taking harmful drugs that boost their performance. Steroid products that should not be used; illegal to use them. Mandatory drug testing should be part of Major League Baseball, and all other sports.

They were able to capitalize on their God-given talents, and make themselves famous based on their skill. But then something happened. Steroids began to play a bigger and bigger role in sports. No longer were the most naturally gifted athletes becoming the stars. Now, it can be said that whoever has the best pharmacist can be the best athlete. As the amount of performance enhancing steroids increases in professional sports, many athletes are gaining an unfair advantage over their competition He wanted to gain an edge in football.

After four years of using steroids, Henry was 5'9" and weighed pounds. He gained weight and power from taking steroids, but that is not all they gave him. He experienced spells of vomiting, urinating blood, liver and kidney damage, ulceration over three-fourths of his stomach, a mild heart attack, and an aggressive personality James Henry was only aware of steroids' positive effects. He was unaware about their side effects and health risks Anabolic Steroids Use by Athletes: A Threat to Body and Mind - "Anything of worth or value in life must be worked for.

It has spread into every major sport, with usage by every age and race. The use continues to grow, even with a lengthy list of serious health, legal, and ethical concerns.

Because of our society's adoration of muscle, athletes put their athletic goals higher on their priority list than their long-term health Anabolic Steroids Use In Sports]:: At times during the preparation, injuries are sustained and fatigue is endured.

To rid themselves of these obstacles, athletes take performance-enhancing drugs, which are also known as steroids Athletics Sports Drugs Steroids Essays]:: Avoid the Steroids - Since social activists from the United States have been attempting to reduce the amount of young male teens using steroids due to the fact that they have dangerous effects.

After much research, there have been signs of delayed puberty in those young men using steroids. The mere use of this drug has also been linked to post-traumatic stress. Including depression, all of these dangerous effects are the reason that we have seen the presence of activists throughout the United States The effects of Steroids - One of the hottest topics on the news recently has been steroid use by athletes.

Steroids in Sports - Professional sports are very special in the United States. One reason for this is the spirit of competition. However, steroid use taints this competition. If steroids were to be completely eliminated from sports, the competition would be much more special because athletes would compete with their hearts and will, without an extra boost. Also, since not everybody can be a professional athlete, the elimination of steroid use, in my opinion, would make the fans appreciate the game more and make them feel more relatable Athletics Steroid Performance Enhancing Drug].

A Growing Role in Society - Steroids: Here is my research project on steroids and its effect on society.

While conducting my research I have learned that steroids are becoming a serious and dangerous problem in society. I believe that my research project would be a good reference for anyone interested in the science and culture of steroids in America.

Some of the topics I covered in my project are topics that have for the most part been ignored by most scholarly works on steroids. For example, I have devoted a whole section of my paper to the prevention and care of steroid use Sports Drugs Steroid Essays ]:: Consequences of Steroids - Approximately one to three million people in the united states have used steroids performance enhancing drugs steroids are enhancement drugs that are used to increase performance in sports or to treat, cure or prevent health issues.

These sports enhancements are a great tool to in to increase effectiveness in sport and everyday life, as well as maintaining a healthy life lifestyle. All forms of steroids should be available for public to buy over the counter in stores to help treat, cure, prevent health issues, and increase overall effective in everyday life style.

Steroids can come in pills or injections that can ease the pain Athletes and Steroids - If Rob Garibaldi had one wish it would be to play major league baseball. Growing up he played baseball throughout high school and college. There was one problem.

Beginning in his junior year of high school he was strongly influenced to take supplements to increase his strength. A few years later, after continued use of steroids, his life started to spiral out of control. He was feeling very depressed, struggling academically, and had become very aggressive Over the past decade, the game America knows and loves has been exposed as a game full of cheaters. Major League Baseball MLB has had over one hundred players test positive for performance-enhancing substances over the past fifteen years.

The past fifteen years of baseball have contained dirty play by some of the best players to ever play the sport Steroids in Baseball - People frown upon steroids in baseball because they say they are an unfair advantage even though they can be used as big advantage. Steroids have always been looked down on because people say that they are unfair and unsafe to use.

So far players that have used steroids in Major League baseball have been healthy and the only side effects of them have been success. Steroids help increase muscle mass and help athletes train harder and faster Steroids in Baseball - Steroids in baseball Each sport has had their own issues that they battled, the national football league is currently battling the effects with concussions due to football.

They recently paid current and retired players a million dollar settlement agreeing to compensate victims, pay for medical exams and underwrite research. Professional Athletes, Sports, Drugs, Enhancement]:: The History of Steroids: The Legal and Illegal Usage of Steroids - The use of steroid by athletes has been a controversial issue for some time. One can argue that the usage is totally wrong and it is against the morals and the rules of the games.

Although steroids boost up the process of muscle building and endurance, it also has complications in the long run. Those that cheat their way by using and or abusing such chemicals can have serious health defects.

Iamges: anabolic steroids in sports essays

anabolic steroids in sports essays

So it's not at all surprising that the actual stats of the game show no effect from putative steroid use , bulked-up biceps or no. These careers all center on general medicine.

anabolic steroids in sports essays

To successfully measure power per se , what we need to do is relate well-powered balls to hit totals. If there are only a few men at most as a percentage with whom he is in direct competition, here meaning others in the organization, then there is scarcely any need for him to try artificial augmentation just to remain in fair competition. Vinik's NutriNerve is a supplement for nerve pain specially formulated to support nerve health.

anabolic steroids in sports essays

It has spread into every major sport, with usage by every age and race. See Cynthia Waddell's blog for the United Nations. There is simply no plausible case, ethical or anabolic steroids in sports essays, to be made for esways PED use, not in law, not in sports-organization codes. Some of the best players to ever play the game of baseball have been caught up in steroids, including Barry Bonds, Sammy Sosa, and Mark McGwire. And when it does occur, its earliest onset will be immediately obvious to the subject. Some sports are more active and aggressive scitec nutrition anabolic whey erfahrung others.