Ergogenic use of anabolic steroids
True Stories of Abuse Former abusers talk about their experiences Read these true stories from former steroid users. Because of our society's adoration of muscle, athletes put their athletic goals higher on their priority list than their long-term health But the same studies show deficiencies due some studies did not control important aspects such as protein intake, a food plan for the subjects, variations of stimulus in the exercises, some studies include competitive athletes, as it does not specify the control of the cited variables   . There really isn't a right or wrong answer to why athletes feel the need to take performance enhancing drugs.
Most steroids are transformed into testosterone when they enter the body. The sports or games in which they participate require physical strength, athleticism and stamina, and due to the tough competition they face, some of these athletes decide to take performance enhancing drugs, an act called doping. Anabolic effects also include increased production of red blood cells. The New England Jornal, vol , n1, jul 4, Association Against Steroid Abuse www. If you want to have a good looking body, eat healthy and go to the gym and work out.
In literature, studies are controversial about the gain of muscle strength. However, we might make an analysis, seeing that steroids have a direct effect on the development of muscles, on protein synthesis. We may correlate this increase of muscle mass with the increase of muscle strength . Due to these steroid relations and gain of muscle mass, the advantages about the muscle strength in physical activities are great.
Some athletes believe that there is a direct influence on the central nerve system, being related to greater aggressivity, reduce of fatigue and fast muscle recovery . About the advantages to the aerobic capacity, the benefits are related due to the use of steroids are the increase in hemoglobin concentration and blood volume, which is very useful in exercises that demand certain resistance.
Thus increasing the circulation of oxygen to muscles during exercise . However, no considerable changes in hemoglobin. The authors suggested that the increase in hemoglobin could happen with higher doses, which has been a very controversial fact . Others showed that the use compared to placebo has not demonstrated any differences .
Side Effects Steroids are always associated to diverse side effects, such as vascular, reproductive, psychological disorders and epiphyseal ossification. However the greatest repercussions are related to the liver.
These effects are researched since a long time and most of the studies related this effect to the wrong use of these drugs . The use during puberty may lead to a deficit of growth, due to the ossification of the bone epiphysis.
Therefore, the use of steroids in youngsters must be avoided, except due to medical prescription for some pathologies  . There is yet another factor related to the locomotion. The abusive use may increase the risk of tendinous lesion due to the inhibition to the synthesis of collagen in ligaments and tendons, as it was demonstrated in a study with former football players users of steroids, in which a higher number of articulation, tendinous and ligament lesions were shown  .
The dermatological effects seem to be one of the most common side effects due to the abusive use. The use of anti estrogens is inefficient . After the intake of steroids, the increase of libido is accentuated. Amongst these athletes, many alleged lack of information and high dosage . Related to the effects on genitourinary system, they are oligospermia, azoospermia, due to the inhibition of gonadotropin secretion, the aromatization of androgens into estrogens .
Another study about the effects on this system demonstrated the results of spermograms in bodybuilders that used steroids for three years, showing a condition of infertility .
In another research with bodybuilders that did not use steroids, after the onset of use the athletes showed a testicular reduction and related oligospermia and azoospermia . Other effects are the reduction of FSH, progesterone and estrogen and inhibition of ovulation . The use of steroids causes also a masculinization process in women, noticed by the alteration of voice tone, body hair and clitoris hypertrophy. In some men, balding is related  .
The use of steroids is also related to the decrease in HDL, being this lipoprotein responsible for removing fat from blood vessels, thus unblocking them. The reduce in HDL promotes atherosclerosis which may cause strokes or coronaropathy   . These effects were demonstrated, analysing the lipid profile of users and nonusers, practitioners of resisted training, the users showed reduction of HDL, however, on LDL, neither groups had any change .
About the cardiovascular effects, some authors point out the left ventricle hypertrophy due to the abusive use of steroids, an important factor for the risk of sudden death  . However,  conducted a research in which an echocardiogram was carried out on bodybuilders users of anabolics, and no cardiovascular changes were detected. Nevertheless, studies conducted with bodybuilders, in which the arterial structure and its functionality was verified in these athletes, no difference was demonstrated in comparison to non users.
Although the authors themselves cite several limitations to this study . Another factor of extreme importance was verified on the study of , in which the effects of steroids associated with intense strength training were compared. In this study, it was verified the morphology and proprioception of the patelar tendon. The authors demonstrated chronic changes with the use of steroids, mainly collagen remodeling significant proprioception loss.
These aspects render the tendon more propense to lesion, however this is one of few studies to verify this change. It is important to note that another hormone used in sports, even though not anabolic, GH, also shows the same changes to soft tissues.
Therefore, the combination of both could be very harmful for tendons and ligaments  . The hepatic effects are, doubtlessly, the most prevalent and severe on users, such as hepatotoxicity and hepatomegaly.
Data that was corroborated by an author which reported cases of hepatocellular adenoma in steroid using bodybuilders . Peliosis hepatis is also very common amongst people that abuse steroids. In these cases, blood cysts are formed within the liver. These hepatic risks are associated mainly to oral steroids, due to 17 alkylated, for their toxicity being too high and resistant  Amongst the side effects of steroids, there is change of mood, increase of self-esteem, motivation and reduction of insomnia.
However, authors also associate the use of high doses of steroids to effects like mood and aggressivity disorders . One study demonstrated the effect of doses of testosterone higher than physiological. In this study, the users were submitted to a questionnaire for the evaluation of their temper and their families and couples were also interviewed.
None of the interviewed pointed to the increase of aggressiveness by the users, however, the authors did not discharge behaviour changes in higher doses than the ones by the study . One of them showed high rates of melancholia, depression and anxiety, the other one showed high rates of death due to vascular diseases, malign diseases and suicides. The data were compared with the swedish population studies, corroborate the study of Parssinen et al. It is important to note that these study designs are scarce and with some methodological errors, which the authors themselves admit, due to the lack of control in these 10, 20 and 30 years and external factors.
Conclusions The effect of anabolic androgen steroids on the human body is an evolution process of diverse phases, depending on the way it is utilized, this determining a final result, becoming impossible to foresee this final result. The side effects are diverse, may be caused by the therapeutic use or not, being aggravated by the abusive use of these substances, seeing that many of the effects are not yet known by literature due to the lack of information for the refusal of participating on researches by the users.
Since a big part of the users make use of doses higher than physiologic, with little or no information about these drugs, being very common the associated use to other drugs such as insulin, GH, stimulants and others making it harder to measure the cause and effects, with it, studies conducted with athletes are also scarce, being found on literature a great number of studies for the therapeutic use. Thus, the intent of the article was to show a little about the history of steroids and their methods and most common use, demonstrating their beneficial effects mainly on muscle mass and strength gain, however alerting to the great deletery effects to the human body.
As its use is ever growing with time, due to the cult of the human body being ever greater, it is becoming a case of public health. Finally, we hope that more research is ade about this theme, mainly randomized studies using doses higher than physiological in humans, to better enlighten this so common practice.
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Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45, , Cellular adaptation of the trapezius muscle in strength-trained athletes. Histochem Cell Biol, , , The effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on muscle size and strenght in normal men. There is, however, a problem with this definition based on the idea of need.
Women who wish to be men transgender are prescribed anabolic steroids. They are legally prescribed anabolic steroids on the basis of desire. We can also look at many other medical practices that are not deemed abuse while they hold not actual medical need such as liposuction, breast enlargement, Botox or any other physique altering medical practice. When defining steroid abuse there is really only one definition that makes any sense.
If the supplementation of anabolic steroids causes you no harm or anyone around you this is not steroid abuse. If the supplementation of anabolic steroids causes you harm or anyone around you this is steroid abuse. This is the only definition that makes any sense, but unfortunately we have not reached the point to where such sanity prevails. The signs of steroid abuse are more or less the possible side effects of use itself.
You cannot say if you supplement with X steroid you will in fact fall prey to Y effect. It does not work that way. A healthy adult who supplements responsibly while putting in some effort to controlling his blood pressure and cholesterol can do so without any adverse effect. This is assuming healthy readings existed before use was undertaken.
As for liver damage, only certain anabolic steroids can promote liver stress, but this can also be avoided with educated use. Beyond the internal effects, there are direct outward side effects that are possible such as gynecomastia male breast enlargement , water retention, acne, hair loss and body hair growth.
Again, gynecomastia and water retention can be avoided even with supraphysiological doses if proper supplementation practices are followed. If the individual avoids such effects as well as maintains a healthy blood pressure and cholesterol reading can this be labeled as steroid abuse? Of course not, and there is no argument to support it being actual abuse.
As for the other effects mentioned, such as acne, hair loss and body hair growth, these are largely dependent on genetic response due to the use of steroids with high levels of androgenic activity. Many will not see such effects occur. Others, such as in the case of hair loss may very well find hair loss accelerated if they are predisposed to male pattern baldness. They were going to lose their hair anyway, but the use of steroids may speed it up.
When we look at the issue of steroid abuse, any argument or discussion must include this type of relevant information. There are no tell, tell signs of steroid abuse like there are with recreational drugs and this can make true abuse a little difficult to spot.
However, here at steroidabuse. There is so much to discuss when it comes to this topic, and we guarantee when it comes to steroid abuse you may very well find what you once believed will rapidly change once exposed to the truth.
Athlete says sports steroids changed him from woman to man Shot-put star Heidi Krieger was fed steroids by East German coaches. Dealer provides evidence that Debbie Clemens used steroids for Sports Ilustrated swimsuit issue It wasn't enough for Roger Clemens to shoot himself up with steroids. He got his wife to do it too! Testimony on Steroids in Baseball Is Questioned Number of players who had failed drug tests in had dropped to about a dozen from about in Former abusers talk about their experiences Read these true stories from former steroid users.
Submit your own story. Click Here to Submit. Dangers of Steroid Abuse All anabolic steroid use not prescribed by a licensed physician, is more properly defined as steroid abuse. Side Effects of Steroids Many reasons have been given as to why men and to a lesser degree, women choose to abuse steroids. Among most abusers, it boils down to two simple concepts of performance and self-image.
Steroid Myths Myth 1 Steroids are safe.
Iamges: anabolic steroids are classified in which controlled drug class
In countries where anabolic steroids are illegal or controlled, the majority of steroids are obtained illegally through black market trade. He gained weight and power from taking steroids, but that is not all they gave him.
Effect of androgenic anabolic steroids and heavy strenght training on patellar tendon morphological and mechanical properties.
Athletics Steroid Performance Enhancing Drug]. Association Against Steroid Abuse www. Anabolic androgenic steroids are synthetic anabolic steroids are classified in which controlled drug class of specific naturally produced hormones by the human body. His muscles grew big, and his endurance increased over time which allowed him to play baseball for as long as he had. Anabolic generally relates to muscle-building while androgenic refers to increased masculine characteristics But onde comprar o stanozolol same studies controled deficiencies due some studies did not control important aspects such whicch protein intake, a food plan for the subjects, variations of stimulus in the exercises, some studies include competitive athletes, as it does not specify the control of the cited variables   .