DrugFacts: Anabolic Steroids | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Anabolic Steroids - Topic Overview

anabolic steroid gel

Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. For example, AAS may prematurely stop the lengthening of bones premature epiphyseal fusion through increased levels of estrogen metabolites , resulting in stunted growth. As with most significant smuggling operations, organized crime is involved. Another side effect includes a marked chance for secondary exposure. Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone. The major effect of estrogenicity is gynecomastia woman-like breasts.

How do people abuse anabolic steroids?

People who use anabolic steroids on a routine basis can have withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking them. Through a number of mechanisms AAS stimulate the formation of muscle cells and hence cause an increase in the size of skeletal muscles , leading to increased strength. Oily skin, acne , and male-pattern hair loss. Avoid contact with this medication if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Why do some people use anabolic steroids without a prescription?

The dose of illegal anabolic steroids is 10 to times higher than the dose a doctor prescribes for medical problems. People often use more than one of these illegal drugs at the same time. This is called stacking. Or they may take the drugs in a cycle from no drug to a high dose over a period of weeks to months.

This is called pyramiding. Teens who take illegal anabolic steroids are at risk for the same problems as adults who use them. Also, bone growth in teens may stop before it is complete. The teen may not reach his or her full adult height. People who use anabolic steroids on a routine basis can have withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking them.

Symptoms include having depression , being extremely tired, and having no desire to eat. Your doctor may ask questions about your fitness activities and what kinds of dietary supplements and other substances you use.

The doctor may do a physical exam and order urine and blood tests. Treatment for misuse of anabolic steroids has not been studied much. What are anabolic steroids? Why do some people use anabolic steroids without a prescription? Continued What problems can using illegal anabolic steroids cause? Anabolic steroids can cause serious side effects. Some of these effects can be permanent. In men, anabolic steroids can: Cause you not to be able to father children. In women, anabolic steroids can: In both men and women, anabolic steroids can cause: High blood pressure , heart attack , or stroke.

Liver disease and possibly liver cancer. Such risks are rare when patients have low testosterone levels. In , the FDA insisted that manufacturers of steroid gel make stark changes to their packaging. The revisions made clear that, regardless of low or normal testosterone levels, steroid gel can increase a person's chances for having swollen prostate glands. For those with breast cancer or other carcinomas, further developments are more likely after using steroid gel.

Another side effect includes a marked chance for secondary exposure. This means that those not taking the drug can become exposed to it through skin-to-skin contact. In children, this secondary exposure can cause virilization, or the exaggerated and early onset of puberty and genital growth.

The FDA recommends that women and children avoid contact with the regions of men that have undergone steroid gel application. It also urges those using the medication to wash their hands thoroughly after each use.

MikeMason-- I had a very brief experience with steroid gel. I know that there are people who really like it, but I had a bad experience. The side effects were too many. It made me very anxious and jittery, kind of like I drank too much coffee, but much worse.

It also seemed to work more slowly than other types of steroids, I think it takes longer for the steroid to be absorbed through the skin and enter the bloodstream. Since the side effects were too many and the effects too little, I didn't continue with it for long. Everyone is different though and reacts to medications differently. If anyone else wants to chime in with their experience, that would be good. What about this new steroid gel? Where does steroid gel stand in comparison with tablets and injections?

Does it have less or more side effects? I like gel topical ointments better because I think they absorb better and they are less greasy. Post your comments Post Anonymously Please enter the code: One of our editors will review your suggestion and make changes if warranted.

Note that depending on the number of suggestions we receive, this can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Thank you for helping to improve wiseGEEK! View slideshow of images above.

Iamges: anabolic steroid gel

anabolic steroid gel

But some athletes and bodybuilders abuse these drugs to boost performance or improve their physical appearance. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Brocklehurst's Textbook of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology.

anabolic steroid gel

Research shows that when study participants watch other people feeling cold, their own body temperatures drop, too.

anabolic steroid gel

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Compounds with a high ratio of androgenic to an anabolic anaboic are the drug of choice in anabolic steroid gel therapy e. In the late s, the worldwide anabolic steroid gel in illicit AAS increased significantly, and authorities announced record captures on three continents. The dose of illegal anabolic steroids is 10 to times higher than the dose a doctor prescribes for medical problems. Archived from ariston primo 100 original on